Infertility: Bioethics of Cultural, Religious and Scientific Solutions: A review
Infertility is a problem that affects couples worldwide. Its importance is linked to the very core of heredity; perpetuation of the species. Socially, it prevents perpetuation of the family line and threatens security in old age. There are age old solutions of infertility as well as modern scientific solutions. The core issue in these solutions is related to definition of a parent as the one who sires or begets (the genetic parent) bears (the gestational parent) and/or rears (the nurturing parent). These solutions however often pose ethical issues of right and wrong, as well as legal issues that at times require judicial determination. This paper discusses these solutions citing local examples and ethical and legal challenges.