Barriers to and Opportunities for the Provision and Dissemination of Information on Careers to Rural Secondary School Girls in Kenya
Girls in rural areas choose careers that are generally poorly paid because they are in keeping with the socio-cultural norms. Neither do they endeavor to break the glass ceiling that keeps them from promotions to policy decision making job positions in this country. The gender gap is still great in all levels of education in Kenya, with girls being disadvantaged. Adolescence pregnancies especially at the exit year of Form 4 are fifty to sixty percent. Girls especially in the rural areas need to be provided with career information as part of their secondary school education because most rural schools have no access to sources of career information. Therefore, their choice of careers is based on socio-cultural attitudes and socio-economic-status. The school is best placed to provide career information. This study explored barriers to and opportunities for provision and dissemination of career information to rural secondary school girls in Kenya. Specifically, the objectives of the study were: identify barriers to provision and dissemination of career information and to propose solutions to overcoming the barriers to provision and accessibility of information on careers. This study was done in private schools and public schools in Laikipia County. Quantitative and qualitative methods of research were applied. Samples of both Form 3 and 4 students answered the questionnaires. Career teachers also gave information. All teachers in charge of guidance and counseling department in schools responded to a semi structured interview. Government officers in charge of guidance and counseling units at the headquarters responded to a semi structured interview. This study offered insights into career guidance and counseling to teachers, parents, policy makers, publishers and other stakeholders in the education sector. It was found that there is need for career information for teachers, parents and students because the existing career program is inadequate for efficient dissemination of career information for the students to be able to make wise career decisions. It was recommended that all stakeholders should collaborate and work as a team for effective and efficient dissemination of career information to students.